Diet and Nutrition
This paper describes the proceedings from a workshop on the true costs of food and summarizes dozens of presentations from scholars and experts on related topics. The presentations cover a wide range of health, social, environmental costs that are inherent in modern agriculture but not reflected in food prices. The authors also discuss the concept of "externalities" in general and debate whether or not they are the best way to frame the problem.
The marketing research firm, The Values Institute at DGWB, developed a list of the top five health trends expected to become more prevalent in 2013. Among them is vegetarianism and veganism. This brief article suggests that the trend of having veg options at restaurants will become more mainstream in 2013.
Using self-reported data of food purchases in US households from 1998-2006, this study examines the healthfulness of Americans' food purchases for the home, or "food-at-home (FAH) purchases." The study finds FAH purchases are not as healthful as they should be; on average they are too low on fruits, vegetables and unrefined grains and too high in fat, sugar, and refined grains.
Grocery stores in three European countries where horse meat is consumed-Belgium, France and the Netherlands-were surveyed to determine its availability. Horse meat was found in a majority of the stores surveyed. Though it is often sold as a whole product it is not always clearly labeled and may be one of many products in cheap processed foods.
Access to Affordable and Nutritious Food: Updated Estimates of Distance to Supermarkets Using 2010 DataSubmitted on Dec 14, 2012 (Original item from 2012) Diet and Nutrition | Vegetarianism and Veganism
A lack of access to grocery stores may limit some people from being able to make healthy food choices. Using data from 2010, this study examines the spatial relationship between low income neighborhoods and grocery stores. It finds that the number of people in low income neighborhoods living more than a mile from a grocery store has increased since 2006, with almost 10% of the US population (29.7 million people) living in low income areas more than a mile form a grocery store in 2010.
Promising Ethical Arguments for Product Differentiation in the Organic Food Sector. A Mixed Methods Research ApproachSubmitted on Dec 13, 2012 Diet and Nutrition
Using multiple methods, this study examines whether consumers in five European countries have preferences for various ethical qualities in organic foods including, locally produced, higher welfare standards for animals, and fair prices for producers. The desire for these characteristics was tested when the qualities were described using emotive language and when using technical language. The study found that technical language was more productive in encouraging consumers to desire these additional ethical standards. When this language was used consumers in Italy and the UK desired local organic products, while consumers in Germany and Switzerland desired organic products that were locally made, had higher animal welfare, and gave fair producer wages.
A recent issue of BEEF Daily, an industry e-newsletter, characterized vegan and vegetarian advocates as hindering the meat industry's ability to "feed a growing population.” The rhetorical question of “How do we feed a growing population?” (the implied answer being “more intensive meat production”) has become an industry talking point. In fact, contemporary agriculture and meat production are anathema to a well-fed world. However, the common relationship between meat and world hunger is not as simple as some activists may think. To garner a better understanding of why this is the case, it is important to understand that industrial agriculture--whether specifically for animal products or not--is invested in profit above all else.
This report is based on a survey of Irish adults about motivations, barriers, and experiences with adopting a healthier lifestyle. Almost all (92%) respondents indicated that they were happy with their health even though half of them were overweight or obese. Other key findings include: older respondents (55+) were least likely to implement behavioral changes for health, most respondents were motivated by health (72%) to change their lifestyle while about half (45%) were motivated by weight, women were more likely to diet for weight concerns than were men, and peer and family members were integral to success once a person adopted lifestyle changes.
Doing our part for the economy, HRC is currently seeking an experienced researcher, writer, and support person to work part-time for our organization. The position requires a commitment of 25-30 hours per week, on average, and offers a flexible schedule. The ideal candidate will have experience with both research (i.e., survey design, analysis, etc.) and animal protection issues. The newly created Research/Communications Coordinator position will support HRC's broader objectives by maintaining our HumaneSpot.org research database and other resources. See the full job description and please forward to people who might be interested!
This list of food trends was compiled by a branding and media group who commissioned chefs and others in the restaurant industry to identify key trends in dinging from 2012 that are expected to be profitable in 2013. Two of the trends are promising for vegetarians: vegetables are expected to be used as a main course in more dishes and more restaurants are working to list ingredients and include items that suit the needs of vegans, vegetarians, and people with allergies.
PLEASE SUPPORT NONPROFIT RESEARCH FOR ANIMALS
Did you find this research helpful in your work for animals? If so, please consider a donation to the Humane Research Council to help us with the costs of maintaining, expanding, and improving HumaneSpot.org.